Portrait of a Ukrainian Software Engineers – 2020
It’s high time to look at the updated portrait of the Ukrainian IT specialist based on the recent analytical report by DOU
This year DOU pulled in an impressive 12 419 questionnaires, and we can note right away that no significant changes occurred during the year. On many issues, the Ukrainian IT specialist has shown a solid level of consistency in their views and preferences.
The average age of the IT specialist has not changed all that much, as compared to last year. The median age is 28 years old. Junior specialists are about 23 years old work as Front end web developer, non-technical specialists (HR, PR, Sales), designers, and developers.
This year the share of women in IT increased by 5 percentage points, up to 25%. At the same time, almost half of the survey participants have IT experience no more than 2 years. It can be assumed that the female share in IT is growing much more rapidly than is reflected in the study. Women most often work as HR, Marketing, Business Analyst, Designers, QAs, and developers.
70% of IT professionals live in the largest cities Kyiv, Kharkiv, Lviv, and 11% in Dnipro, Odesa. The share of senior specialists is concentrated mainly in Kyiv, on the other hand, junior specialists start their careers far from the capital, where the competition is not so high.
More than half of the survey participants are developers. Most software engineers work in the fields of e-commerce, Fintech, Mobile. Gambling is also popular among Product Developers, Cloud Computing is popular among System Architect and DevOps, and Media is among the designers.
- 23,4 % – work in E-commerce;
- 12,7% – work in Fintech;
- 10% in Mobile;
- 4,5 in Gambling;
- 4,3 in Game Dev.
Almost a third of sysadmins have more than 10 years of experience, and newcomers only make up 4% of this profession. At the same time, 38% of respondents among the developers have less than 2 years of experience in IT. Only 13% of developers have 10 years of experience.
IT professionals are mostly interested in working in start-ups and product companies. Work is boring for respondents from non-IT companies.
Operating System that is used for work
If you look at the big picture, 55% of IT professionals use Windows as a desktop OS. But there are some differences in the popularity of operating systems among different positions.
Senior Software Engineer just more often uses MacOS – 46% against 43% in Windows. MacOS is also more popular than Windows in Team / Tech Lead, Product Manager, Senior PM, Designer. In DevOps and Data Science in the first place Linux, then Windows and MacOS.
Most IT professionals have a Master’s Degree, and some even have two.
Almost a quarter of Senior PMs have two higher educations, and the largest number of PhDs among Data Scientists is 9.4%. Also, the largest number of specialists with secondary education (from 3 to 4%) among Support, DevOps, System Architect.
Advanced level of English and above is still a rare phenomenon in Ukrainian IT – only 13% of respondents are more or less fluent in it. Most developers are at the Intermediate and Upper-Intermediate levels.
Family and Home
As in years past, every third IT person still does not have a significant other. There is stability in relationships for those who are married, the same 40% are happy together.
Compared to last year, the attitude towards emigration has not changed. The same 45% think about it, but so far do nothing. It is interesting to look at those who returned: most of them are architects (6.4%), products (5.4%), senior projects (4.8%)