It’s a high time to look at the updated portrait of the Ukrainian IT specialist.
This year DOU pulled in an impressive 8,117 questionnaires, and we can note right away that no significant changes occurred during the year. On many issues, the Ukrainian IT specialist has shown a solid level of consistency in their views and preferences.
The average age of the IT specialist has not changed all that much, as compared to last year. Young specialists (meaning up to 25 years old) work as Front end web developer, non-technical specialists (HR, PR, Sales), designers and developers. Most specialists older than 35 years old are among the upper management and project managers, as well as sysadmins.
This year the share of women in IT increased by 2 percentage points, up to 20%. At the same time, almost half of the survey participants have IT experience of no more than 2 years. It can be assumed that the female share in IT is growing much more rapidly than is reflected in the study.
Women most often work as QAs (26%), developers (23%) and non-technical specialists in HR, PR, and Sales (21%).
66% of IT professionals live in Kyiv, Kharkiv and Lviv. The share of Kyiv continues to decline: by 3% in 2017, 2% in 2016, 1% in 2015.
The respondents from Kharkiv, Vinnytsia and Zaporizhia are the least satisfied with their salaries (in these cities the percentage of those who answer “yes, I am satisfied” is lower than in Kyiv, Lviv, Dnipro, and Odessa).
More than half of the survey participants are developers. The average Ukrainian programmer is from 21 to 30 years old, has higher technical education and works in outsourcing.
14% of survey participants work as QA, 6% occupy non-technical positions (HR, PR, Sales), 5% – project managers, 3% – system administrators, 2% – business analysts, Front end web developer and designers.
Almost a third of sysadmins have more than 10 years of experience, and newcomers only make up 4% of this profession. At the same time, 38% of respondents among the developers have less than 2 years of experience in IT. Only 13% of developers have 10 years of experience.
This year, the number of juniors practically hasn’t changed – 27% vs. 26% in 2016.
Every second middle, has 3-5 years of experience. Every second senior, has 5-10 years. 43% of leads have more than 10 years of experience in IT.
More than half of specialists with experience of less than 2 years, had time to work only in one company. 19% of respondents with IT experience 3-5 years have never once changed jobs.
65% of juniors chose IT because of high salaries, among seniors and leads, reward was mentioned only by 37%.
Juniors and middles most often chose IT for the sake of moving abroad – 29% and 22%. In addition, only 14% of seniors thought about relocating when choosing a profession.
Some other interesting answers include: “It’s interesting to poke around in the code”, “Love for symbolic systems, math, and logic”, “There’s always room to grow and new things to learn”, “An area that will not die in the near future”, ” I chose IT even before high salaries by exchange currency rates, at the early stages of outsourcing in Ukraine and before it became mainstream to work in IT “.
In this area, everything has remained unchanged – most IT professionals when choosing a new company are primarily motivated by wages.
Women in IT are less interested in wages than men – 67% versus 76%.
IT professionals are mostly interested in working in start-ups and product companies. Work is boring for respondents from non-IT companies.
The top managers, developers and QAs are mostly satisfied with their salaries. Layout designers (Front end web developer), system administrators and non-technical specialists (HR, PR, Sales) are not satisfied with their wages.
Every fifth employee of a start-up works remotely, whereas in the outsourcing and product companies only every 20th employee works from home.
Top managers and designers boast the most workaholics among their ranks. The freelancers work the least (percentage of those who work “20-40 hours”, exceeds those who work “40-60 hours”).
Every fourth developer and designer has his own project. Sysadmins are still making plans. However, QAs, business analysts and non-technical specialists (HR, PR, Sales) devote themselves only to basic work.
More than half of developers and QAs in 5 years see themselves as seniors or leads. Project managers and non-technical specialists (HR, PR, Sales) dream of a career as top managers. However, the top managers themselves do not plan to change anything in their careers (58% see themselves in the same position and only 14% want to create their own project).
Designers, Front end web developers and business analysts also plan on becoming seniors and leads.
Only 12% of developers would leave IT, most would still work, but for fewer hours. A similar situation is with the QAs, although 17% of respondents are ready to give up IT altogether among these specialists.
The top managers and sysadmins would continue to work for the pleasure of it. Business analysts want to leave IT the most.
89% of women have higher education (relevant or unrelated), among men, 81% have at least a diploma.
60% of respondents with secondary and secondary specialized education work as developers and QAs.
More than 40% of developers and QAs know English on an above average level, and only 8% are fluent. Front end web developers know English worst of all, and top managers speak English the best.
As in years past, every third IT person still does not have a significant other. There is stability in relationships for those who are married, same 40% are happy together.
Of those who were in a relationship last year, 3% moved in together.
The demographic situation has room for improvement and all the figures remain the same. IT professionals are slow to have children – only 5% of respondents under the age of 25 have a child, but after the age of 30, 65% have children.
IT people didn’t have more children, but it appears they got a few more furry friends. The majority of cat owners are designers, front end web developers, system administrators and top managers.
More than half of the seniors and leads have their own housing, but among the middles, only one third of respondents have their own place.
Almost all middles, who do not have their own housing, plan to purchase one. Leads are the ones thinking the least about buying real estate at only 26%.
IT professionals continue to use public transportation. Seniors and leads seldom ride on a bicycle, two-wheeled transport is the choice for juniors and middles.
Top and project managers use a personal car to get around, as do business analysts.
Mostly those who live in Kiev and use public transportation spend more than an hour a day on travel. On average, respondents living in the capital spend twice as long on the road, as for example, the inhabitants of Kharkov and Lviv.
The views on immigration from the community remained the same, with the only amendment – this year 2% of respondents chose the option “Left, but didn’t like it, and returned” versus 1% in 2016 (This increase is hardly statistically significant).
It’s interesting that those who are determined to immigrate are 82% satisfied with their current work and salary in Ukraine.
IT as a hobby continues to lose its rank. This year the professional hobby moved to 3rd place slot. Most participants of the survey enjoy walking and reading.
Every fourth developer doesn’t exercise. At the same time, only half of them like walking outdoors, and only 15% of those who do, do not like to exercise and walk to work.
As of last year, business analysts are the most active, and sysadmins are the laziest.
At the request of readers this year, we added the option “Pigeon”. Due to that the number of owls and larks has significantly decreased.
Most IT people continue to sleep less than 8 hours a day. Developers and QAs have almost the same chronotypes.
The IT community is fighting bad habits successfully. All indicators decreased from 6-12%.
Other options that concern you: “social networks”, “I eat a lot of candy”, “I like to argue”, “I want to control everything”, “depression”, “I don’t sleep much”, “weed”, “I read DOU”, “laziness”, “Internet dependency”.
This year IT people began to drink more water and less coffee and tea. Among the additional answers, respondents mentioned energy drinks, juice, milk, yogurt, coca-cola, as well as strong alcoholic beverages such as vodka, rum and whiskey.
Infographics: POPEL Agency.